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A

AIRWAY CLEARANCE THERAPY - helps patients with impaired ability to clear mucus from airways. Historically, manual chest percussion was used, now airway clearance therapy refers to a wide variety of mechanical or vest devices that are increasingly used to help remove mucus.

AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS (ALS) - also known as Motor Neuron Disease and Lou Gehrig’s Disease, breaks down tissues in the nervous system resulting in loss of muscle control, strength and ability.

ATELECTASIS - is a condition in which the small air sacs in the lungs called alveoli collapse, preventing normal lung function.

B

BRONCHIAL DRAINAGE - systematic therapeutic drainage of mucus from air passages in the lungs.

BRONCHIECTASIS - a condition in which infected bronchial tubes are permanently and abnormally widened due to destruction of supporting muscle and elastic tissue.

BRONCHOPULMONARY INFECTIONS - infections within the bronchial tubes and lungs.

C

CEREBRAL PALSY (CP) - the term for a group of disorders of movement and posture due to damage to or abnormal brain tissue, before, during, or after birth.

CHEST PERCUSSION THERAPY OR CHEST PHYSIOTHERAPY (CPT) - a broad term for treatments using clapping or percussion techniques over all segments of the lungs to help move mucus from breathing passages.

CHRONIC BRONCHITIS - condition characterized by recurrent bronchial infection which produces increased mucus secretions with a productive cough lasting at least three months for two years in a row.

CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD) -  is a serious lung disease which makes it hard to breathe. Also known by other names, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis, COPD is now the 3rd leading cause of death in the United States and also causes long-term disability.  The number of people who have COPD is on the rise — more than 12 million are currently diagnosed with it. And it is estimated that another 12 million may have COPD but not realize it.

CILIA - tiny hair-like structures that beat rhythmically to move mucus and debris up and out of the respiratory system.

CT SCAN - an abbreviated term for computed tomography scan that provides useful detailed images of internal body structures.

CYSTIC FIBROSIS (CF) - is an inherited condition that causes chronic damage to the lungs and digestive system. Damage is caused by the production of abnormally thick mucus secretions leading to poor airway secretion clearance and recurrent pulmonary infections.

D

E

F

FORCED EXPIRATORY VOLUME (FEV1) - is the volume amount of air exhaled during the first second of a forced lung exhalation test.

FORCED VITAL CAPACITY (FVC) - the total volume of air forcibly exhaled after taking a deep breath.

G

H

HFCC/HFCWO - High frequency chest compression (HFCC) and high frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) are commonly referred to as vest therapy or high frequency oscillation therapy. Pulses produced by mechanical systems create repetitive compressions to the chest to help loosen, thin and mobilize mucus.  High frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) is commonly used to refer to vest therapy that uses sine-wave technology.

HIGH-RESOLUTION CT (HRCT) - imaging the body using high resolution computed tomography to produce images of thinner tissue thickness than conventional CT scans and providing more useful tissue detail.

HIPAA PRIVACY RIGHTS - the HIPAA Privacy Rule (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) provides federal protections for personal health information held by covered entities and gives patients an array of rights with respect to that information. At the same time, the Privacy Rule is balanced so that it permits the disclosure of personal health information needed for patient care and other important purposes.  The Security Rule specifies a series of administrative, physical, and technical safeguards for covered entities to use to assure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic protected health information.

I

IMMOTILE CILIA SYNDROME - an inherited condition where small hair-like cilia fail to filter and clear mucus and airborne debris from the respiratory system.

J

K

L

M

MECHANICAL VENTILATION - supporting respiration through the application of devices that provide airway flow and pressure mechanically on a cyclical basis.

MUCOCILIARY CLEARANCE - the action of pulmonary cilia is to clear mucus and airborne debris from airways.

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (MD) - a term referring to a group of genetic disorders that cause progressive muscle deterioration resulting in a reduction in muscle strength, control and function.

N

O

P

PNEUMONIA - acute inflammation of the lungs caused by infectious agents, often accompanied by difficulty in breathing.

PRIMARY CILIARY DYSKINESIA (PCD) - an inherited disorder wherein the tiny hair-like cilia lack coordination or the ability to control movements to effectively clear mucus and debris airways.

PULMONARY DISORDERS - debilitating conditions that affect the lungs.

PULMONARY FUNCTION SCORES - various measures of lung performance that help to define the status of lung function in a patient.

Q

QUADRIPLEGIA - paralysis of the body from the neck down affecting both arms and legs.

R

S

SPINAL CORD INJURY (SCI) - injury to the spinal cord that has impaired neurological function including interruption of nerve signals to and from the brain.

SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY (SMA) - is an infantile or early childhood neuromuscular disease that results in progressive muscular atrophy and weakness from the degeneration of nerve function in the spinal cord.

T

U

V

VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA - infection and related conditions that occurs when a patient is on mechanical ventilation with a tube for at least 48 hours.

VEST THERAPY - High frequency chest compression (HFCC) and high frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) are commonly referred to as vest therapy or high frequency oscillation therapy. Pulses produced by mechanical systems create repetitive compressions to the chest to help loosen, thin and mobilize mucus.

W

X

Y

Z